I Corinthians 14:29, “Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge.”
A common practice in the Jewish synagogue was to scrutinize the message of a prophet. Analyzing the words of the prophet assured accuracy. If Scripture could not prove the preaching or teaching, the words of the prophet were rejected.
There is an interesting statement made by Peter in his second epistle chapter one. Reading from the NIV it says; “We did not follow cleverly invented stories when we told you about the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of this majesty. For he received honor and glory from God the Father when the voice came to him from the Majestic Glory, saying, ‘This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.’ We ourselves heard this voice that came from heaven when we were with him on the sacred mountain” (2 Peter 1:16-18). The very next statement of Peter shows compliance to the order of examination set forth in the Word of God. It reads; “And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation. For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit” (2 Peter 1:19-21).
The Apostle Peter was assuring the reader through the witness of the voice of God, at the vision of transfiguration. Afterward, Peter points to the prophets of old, which confirmed the revelation before its occurrence.
[Judging matters of importance was permitted in the Church (1 Corinthians 6:5). This judgment should not be confused with service judgment. “But why do you judge your brother? ...For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ” (Romans 14:10).]
It appears that the apostles desired to maintain accuracy by requiring accredited teachers to examine whether the prophet was speaking truth. Judging the gift was and should be permissible in the church today (1 John 4:1). Setting those who were experienced and filled with the Holy Spirit to judge in matters of the Word of God only galvanized the on going ministry of Christ in His Church. The apostles applied the teaching of Christ as found in Matthew 18:16b “...in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.”
According to this rule, all prophecy that does not past the text should be counted as false. To object, interrogate, judge, and refute a prophet safeguarded the Church from false doctrine. Sadly, however, many today refuse to acknowledge this safety measure. We are quick to believe whatever maybe prophesied.